Protractor Resolve Promise

A test utility function to get the line item count and message count for the example above would look like:. Protractor should post this message in the tutorial itself. Creating a promise doesn't automatically add it to the control flow - you'll need to explicitly do that with protractor. The "on failure" callbacks are invoked once the promise is resolved successfully: deferred. Latest Protractor v1. then block using the return statement; In the below example code, the data string "automationpub. afterLaunch() { return new Promise(resolve => exports. Protractor for AngularJS binding would only run once browser. We have Top CEO and company's Glassdoor Rating is 4. the B will return some value that is required by service A. GitHub Gist: star and fork vilmosioo's gists by creating an account on GitHub. That way the promises work smoothly while creating tests. protractor testing with mocha and chai - promise not resolving Showing 1-2 of 2 messages. defer(); which uses a fulfill function and not resolve: deferred. Integrating Protractor for AngualrJS application in Visual Studio needs some configuration. In Protractor/WebDriverJS, there is always that active Control Flow mechanism which is a dynamic queue of promises that handles the ordering of the promises and their resolutions. examples for wait for an element with Protractor and Expected Conditions. Automating web applications built on AngularJS using Protractor is a major step forward for enterprises in their efforts to automate business process applications. For example Promise stands for return is a promise which will be resolved to boolean. then block using the return statement; In the below example code, the data string “automationpub. One way to cause a promise rejection is to call reject():. Specifically, seleniumAddress, capabilities, and multiCapabilities may be promises. In this article, I will show you how to ditch Jasmine, and use Cucumber 🥒 as your testing framework. I am simply logging it out here, but you, of course, can do whatever you want(It’s a free world ). : (both of these tests shoul. This method returns a new promise which is resolved or rejected via the return value of the successCallback, errorCallback (unless that value is a promise, in which case it is resolved with the value which is resolved in that promise using promise chaining). I've come to find that Protractor frequently makes use of promises to asynchronously resolve code evaluation. back(): promise. That's the point: an object that will be resolved in the future. What you have is already more or less correct, the only slight issue is that you're returning a Promise, when the return value of an async function is already wrapped in a promise. Protractor acts as an end-to-end testing framework for both Angular and non-Angular applications that do not use CSS attributes. [4] Resolve: A Promise can be said to be resolved when it has finished processing and the element is ready to be used [5] I try to make the class describe the object. Protractor test with headless Chrome , it failed to start: crashed Showing 1-2 of 2 messages. It covers both basic and advanced Protractor Interview Questions. let promise = new Promise(function(resolve, reject) { // not taking our time to do the job resolve(123); // immediately give the result: 123 }); For instance, this might happen when we start to do a job but then see that everything has already been completed and cached. js npm online php phpStorm protractor quiz shell skype sql terminal tests tool ubuntu ui-router uploader webStorm отзывы собеседование. request function has a config parameter which contains all the info for the http request. ^ TypeError: Cannot read property 'getCapabilities' of undefined at /usr to wait for a promise to. これからはasync,awaitが読み書きできないと生きていけなそうだったので調べてみました。 ※コード例は一応TypeScriptですが、ほとんどJavaScriptです。 asyncを関数の宣言の前に付けると、その. resolve() method returns a Promise object that is resolved with a given value. Protractor is "Angular aware", meaning it does some nice stuff for you, like being smart enough to know when an Angular application is bootstrapped, handling things like waiting for a digest loop to complete when you update your model. 1 that was released in December 2016, TypeScript finally added support for downlevel transpilation of async and await keywords for ES3 and ES5 targets. Step by Step Protractor Tutorial in building scripts till framework level along with Node. Assuming you are using a recent version of Protractor, let's say >= 1. back(): promise. module protractor function protractor. Not that hard ;-) Hope this also helps U2. This can be useful to attach the Promise behavior to an object that already exists. Before we finish Protractor, we close the connection properly. This function now returns a promise, to which you'd normally append a then function, which gets called after the promise successfully resolves. If you're not satisfied with our goods or service, please write to us immediately so that we can help you out. I have a protractor test in which I would like to check the count of select boxes. Protractor is heavily promise-driven. As protractor is based on Node. all() waits for all promises in the provided iterable to be resolved and, then, returns an. Protractor promise example Working example in jsFiddle What is a promise A promise represents the eventual result of an asynchronous operation like a network call or a setTimeout function. In its earlier versions, Protractor is heavily promise-driven, and can be a bear to wrestle with using the traditional APIs. We are legal company and honese seller, will protect every customer's profit. In this Promise, I have used the promise constructor to take in string as the generic type for the Promise's resolve value. We can handle frames/iframes present in the webpage using browser. defer(); which uses a fulfill function and not resolve: deferred. wait return if the condition never becomes true? promise , protractor , wait I want to use the browser. If the value is a promise, that promise is returned; if the value is a thenable (i. For the we have to check the request property of our custom Interceptor. @aluzardo When you are using protractor-cucumber framework it is advisable to use cucumberjs timeouts rather than protractor's wait's, You have to increase you default timeout for such scenarios, basically when the promise is not resolved in the specific default time i. It covers both basic and advanced Protractor Interview Questions. What is promise chain in Protractor? Promise chain as the name portrays it is a chain of promises or sequence of promise. creator(promise, 'promise param'); Both delayed. While a segment is waiting for its promise to resolve or reject, all the remaining segments in that chain are waiting. Asynchronous functions are prefixed with the async keyword; await suspends the execution until an asynchronous function return promise is fulfilled and unwraps the value from the Promise returned. back(): promise. Thus, this prospective tool eases our pains of having too much workarounds to make robust test scripts. execute(function() { // your function to add to the control flow }); This comment has been minimized. Debugging using elementexplorer. I am using mocha, chai by the way. Sequentially execute an array of delayed creators with the delay of 1 second between each promise. js I use the oriento module to access a OrientDB. Luckily, Protractor is here to make our tester’s life much easier, it is built on top of WebDriverJS and has very good built-in supports for Angular pages and controls. has a "then" method), the returned promise will "follow" that thenable, adopting its eventual state; otherwise the returned promise will be fulfilled with the value. all() would be satisfied). I am not trying to do a timeout. The promise constructor takes an executor callback which the compiler will call by the runtime with these two arguments: resolve — This is a function that is used to resolve the promise. Protractor runs tests against your application running in a real browser, interacting with it as a user would. fulfill(e); However. Protractor Basics. async onPrepare() { //. ) Testers can run Protractor on their code deployed in cloud very comfortably. End to end (e2e) testing is the process of executing a tests scenario against a real browser to test the entire stack of a multi-tier application. The Deferred object has another important method named Promise(). In other words, there is no need to explicitly resolve promises of click() actions as in your first option. Let’s take a look at code. Protractor is a library by the Angular team which is a wrapper on WebDriverJS and Jasmine and is specifically tailored to make testing of Angular apps a breeze. A deferred object (a promise) is a placeholder for data that doesn't exist yet. Protractor is an end-to-end test framework for Angular and AngularJS applications. It maintains a queue of pending promises, called the control flow, to keep execution organised. Given 'Promise' API: promise. The Compass Protractor™ bullet journal stencil is a compass, a protractor, and a straight edge all in one compact, thin, flat, flexible, durable tool. This post on Protractor Interview Questions is designed to prepare candidates for common questions they are likely to encounter when applying for a Protractor Automation Jobs. We need a service that will handle the login process for us. Run npm run ionic:serve -b , wait for the server to start and then run npm run e2e in two different terminal windows to run the integration tests. That's the point: an object that will be resolved in the future. An example of that might be using Promise. Especially in situations when you will start to implement more complex scenarious where one suites will rely on multiple other suites. Is there a way to resolve multiple promises with Protractor? Ask Question Asked 5 years, how does Jasmine 'expect' waits for a protractor promise to resolve. The `browser`-object is only available in (see reference): in the `onPrepare` (A callback function called once protractor is ready and available, and before the specs are executed) during the testexecution. Jasmine Testing and Angular JS Promise-Returning Function In the test, we never enter into the resolution function because the promise is actually never resolved. This post on Protractor Interview Questions is designed to prepare candidates for common questions they are likely to encounter when applying for a Protractor Automation Jobs. Creating a custom promise. re, I believe that converting elementToBeSearched into a string would be beneficial and would make my life easier. resolve('promised value'). You just need to specify the type of Reporter that you want to use. In its earlier versions, Protractor is heavily promise-driven, and can be a bear to wrestle with using the traditional APIs. catch() and. then block using the return statement; In the below example code, the data string “automationpub. Luckily, Protractor is here to make our tester’s life much easier, it is built on top of WebDriverJS and has very good built-in supports for Angular pages and controls. first-button')). First we have to install NodeJS by downloading the exe file. js (terminal / command line) @hughleo01 AGENDA Resolve promise when returning from a method • Go to e2e/specs/basic. Promise Returns: This command returns a promise that will be resolved when the navigation event has completed. Thus until all the promises in superPromises are resolved. all(locator). Two people in my office had the same problem, without this foot-note in the change log we would be stuck. resolve() can be used as a tool of converting objects to promises. Git and other tools, often use the git: protocol for accessing files in remote repositories. // Because I couldn't find el, I send the keys to the current focal point, which is the input element. so below statement doesn't work. Defined in angular-protractor. The `browser`-object is only available in (see reference): in the `onPrepare` (A callback function called once protractor is ready and available, and before the specs are executed) during the testexecution. all so that an array of promises becomes a promise for an array. At this point Promise. What is promise chain in Protractor? Promise chain as the name portrays it is a chain of promises or sequence of promise. ( source : toolsqa. Understanding this asynchronous behavior is critical to designing robust, consistent tests. then block can be passed on the following. End-to-end testing Angular web apps with Protractor by Coreen Yuen · Published February 18, 2017 · Updated October 28, 2017 You’ve completed your Angular web app and have released it for the world to consume. I am writing a test case for adding store information on the page for the Angular app using Protractor, where initially I am counting the number of stores I already have and after the test block is done I expect the count to increase by one. We need to resolve this in order to get the text. click() returns a promise and you should resolve it to queue up. The problem is that I don't want to resolve the promise manually like below (see (2) ). then promise Your test is wrapped in a promise that gets resolved after the phase of. In this test case though, we don't need to care about that, because Protractor will execute the expectation only after the previous line has successfully resolved. Purpose: The protractor command back() is used to move backward in the browser history. filter(filterFn)", "description": "Apply a filter function to each element within the ElementArrayFinder. Not surprisingly it returns a promise which on successful, returns the message-id of the push notification message. all() waits for all promises in the provided iterable to be resolved and, then, returns an. And that promise is resolved after the asynchronous response occurs. Another thing that worries me a bit is that Protractor is getting less and less active on github - there are some outstanding long-running issues that are not being addressed. datascience with python training in bangalore. This function now returns a promise, to which you'd normally append a then function, which gets called after the promise successfully resolves. setLocation method to perform in-page navigation Allow a faster way to navigate within the app. If you pass it an instance of Promise it'll simply return it (note: this is a change to the spec that some implementations don't yet follow). Those promises are resolved internally by using the “expect” command from Jasmine. GitHub Gist: star and fork vilmosioo's gists by creating an account on GitHub. reject(returnValue)' for failure case. Returning promises allows us to build chains where each segment is only resolved when the promise at that segment resolves. has a "then" method), the returned promise will "follow" that thenable, adopting its eventual state; otherwise the returned promise will be fulfilled with the value. When starting a new Angular application, the Angular CLI sets up everything you need for End-to-end testing using Protractor and Jasmine. We'll be using Protractor, the de facto Angular e2e tool. One limitation of this approach is that you can't pass data into the callbacks of. In short, the promise will have a value that is not ready to use immediately but you can use it once the promise is resolved. Description An async function can contain an await expression that pauses the execution of the async function and waits for the passed Promise 's resolution, and then resumes the async. click() returns a promise and you should resolve it to queue up. Eventually each customer gets served in the order queue. Please suggest a solution on how can I convert a getText() promise to a string. The problem is that I don't want to resolve the promise manually like below (see (2) ). ts about 3 years sendKeys(K. In its earlier versions, Protractor is heavily promise-driven, and can be a bear to wrestle with using the traditional APIs. js 09:35:08 09:35:08 09:35:08 Failures: 09:35:08 1) General should show the name of the current user 09:35:08 Message: 09:35:08 Failed: No element found using locator: By(css selector,. Thus until all the promises in superPromises are resolved. request function has a config parameter which contains all the info for the http request. Attempting to access Browser side JS code directly from protractor will not work as a result of protractor runs in NodeJS and each Browser side code is executed through selenium JsonWireProtocol. tc_usernameinfo) 09:35:08 Stack: 09:35:08 NoSuchElementError: No element found using locator: By(css selector,. ExplicitWait is a dynamic wait, which means it will wait only until the condition is not met; the moment condition is met, then protractor starts executing the next line of code. While working with array of WebElements (ElementArrayFinder) in Protractor, I came across few exceptions while scripting e-to-e tests. Promise Returns: This command returns a promise that will be resolved when the navigation event has completed. js npm online php phpStorm protractor quiz shell skype sql terminal tests tool ubuntu ui-router uploader webStorm отзывы собеседование. Protractor for AngularJS Basically method by. All functions of Protractor return only promises! The expect() function is usually used to resolve the returned promises of Protractor for testing. But Protractor doesn't work in the same way, traditional automation framework commands return primitive types or objects directly when you execute the command, In protractor almost all the commands return promises, which will be resolved to primitive types or Objects. Resolve - where the value of the result of the function logic is returned. 在angular官方教程里面其实有解决方法: “ Firewall / Proxy issues. Likewise, if the value is an object, all keys will be fully resolved. Since Get Departure returns a promise, we attach a success handler that will be called when a promise is resolved. sleep() all over the code base. Protractor is a library by the Angular team which is a wrapper on WebDriverJS and Jasmine and is specifically tailored to make testing of Angular apps a breeze. Then seeing the ElementFinder is also a promise, resolve that as well, resulting in the failure. Chai Assertions for Promises. This post on Protractor Interview Questions is designed to prepare candidates for common questions they are likely to encounter when applying for a Protractor Automation Jobs. Checkout some of the neat addons it gives you:. execute(restFunction1), flow. Protractor Basics. Purpose: The protractor command back() is used to move backward in the browser history. request function has a config parameter which contains all the info for the http request. Debugging using elementexplorer. If you pass it an instance of Promise it'll simply return it (note: this is a change to the spec that some implementations don't yet follow). /usr/local/lib/node_modules/protractor/node_modules/selenium-webdriver/lib/webdriver/promise. fulfilled - The state of a promise representing a successful operation. – Jason D Dec 7 at 16:03. Learn how to setup the open-source E2E testing tool, Protractor, and use it's report generation functionality to help make testing your Angular apps easier. The control takes the order, promise to serve the order and asks the customer to move aside to take the next customer’s order. We need to call the getCityWeather function in our test. End-to-end testing Angular web apps with Protractor by Coreen Yuen · Published February 18, 2017 · Updated October 28, 2017 You've completed your Angular web app and have released it for the world to consume. Now, Lets know about executeAsyncScript. reject(returnValue)' for failure case. In such a function, create a Protractor promise, and fulfill or reject it. creator creates a wrapper function the promise which allows the delaying of the promise execution. But definitely, for a real good use of Protractor it is really useful to know how this framework works under the hood : the browser, the Protractor JS contexts and the asynchronous control flow. We can resolve the promise by using '. then, it calls that method providing built-in functions resolve, reject as arguments (just as it does for a regular Promise executor). 2) PhoneCat App Phone list view should render phone specific links. For the we have to check the request property of our custom Interceptor. getAzimut();. GitHub Repository: GitHub Link Protractor is an end-to-end test framework for AngularJS applications. A protractor tutorial for the Quality in Agile Conference 2015 in Vancouver, B. You'll explore Protractor frameworks in depth and learn to design one from scratch using Jasmine testing techniques. You can give it a callback function, which JQuery will call when the data exists (but not before). then block can be passed on the following. Protractor promise example Working example in jsFiddle What is a promise A promise represents the eventual result of an asynchronous operation like a network call or a setTimeout function. Asynchronous actions performed inside of a Promise chain are just branches off of that Promise chain. Step by Step Protractor Tutorial in building scripts till framework level along with Node. I have a protractor test in which I would like to check the count of select boxes. The sample application. fulfill(value); Failure. GitHub Gist: star and fork vilmosioo's gists by creating an account on GitHub. The "on success" callbacks are invoked when the promise is resolved successfully: deferred. Rather than testing that a controller's functions work as expected, it tests the whole of your app, things such as navigating through the pages, and if you click this link it loads the right page, if you type in the search box your results…. Blocking proxy. End-to-end testing Angular web apps with Protractor by Coreen Yuen · Published February 18, 2017 · Updated October 28, 2017 You've completed your Angular web app and have released it for the world to consume. tc_usernameinfo) 09:35:08 Stack: 09:35:08 NoSuchElementError: No element found using locator: By(css selector,. com" is cascaded through a chain of ". I'm using VisualReview with Protractor and it's plugin. ^ TypeError: Cannot read property 'getCapabilities' of undefined at /usr to wait for a promise to. The promise cannot. This allows promise operations to be chained together. You could either remove the 'async' modifier and return the promise directly. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. If you pass it an instance of Promise it'll simply return it (note: this is a change to the spec that some implementations don't yet follow). A promise is an object returned by a module, library, function, that will be resolved or rejected some time in the future. Hello! I have a problem using cucumber + Protractor: I don't know how to manage promises when I have an array. Chai Assertions for Promises. Asynchronous Testing with Protractor's ControlFlow Protractor is an end-to-end testing framework for AngularJS applications that uses a real browser, just as a real user would. Thus, this prospective tool eases our pains of having too much workarounds to make robust test scripts. Protractor is built for asynchronous execution. When starting a new Angular application, the Angular CLI sets up everything you need for End-to-end testing using Protractor and Jasmine. rejected - The state of a promise representing a failed operation. Instead of manually wiring up your expectations to a promise's fulfilled and rejected handlers:. then block can be passed on the following. let promise = new Promise(function(resolve, reject) { // not taking our time to do the job resolve(123); // immediately give the result: 123 }); For instance, this might happen when we start to do a job but then see that everything has already been completed and cached. And, recursion is just one of the ways you can build one of those branches. But definitely, for a real good use of Protractor it is really useful to know how this framework works under the hood : the browser, the Protractor JS contexts and the asynchronous control flow. This function now returns a promise, to which you'd normally append a then function, which gets called after the promise successfully resolves. fulfill(e); However. wait function to repeatedly check if a button element is present for a certain amount of time then use the relevant callback. examples for wait for an element with Protractor and Expected Conditions. js, Protractor and Selenium Webdriver. then shows 1 and returns new Promise(…) in the line (*). You can use Protractor to automate applications which are built using non-AngularJS as well. This is the exact information I am been searching for, Thanks for sharing the required infos with the clear update and required points. I wanted to have some tests to verify that all our web pages did include the. Protractor is an end to end functional Automation framework which is built on Selenium WebDriver and automates web applications developed with AngularJS /ReactJS. done(function() { throw new Error('error'); }); But what do you do when you chain multiple thens ? There is a library called Bluebird which has a fix integrating your existing code by extending the ES6 Promises API. then block can be passed on the following. re, I believe that converting elementToBeSearched into a string would be beneficial and would make my life easier. request function has a config parameter which contains all the info for the http request. @khepin I am working on fixing it using the feedback from @juliemr (but there is no protractor. Since end of October I switched from test automation using Groovy, Geb, Spock and SoapUI to test automation using Protractor, Cucumber and Jasmine. Control Flow is nothing but the order in which Protractor executes the commands and Promises; By default, the control flow of the test cases and promises within the test cases are resolved automatically by Protractor but was not effective as the control will move to the next line even when a promise is not resolved and will cause a test case failure. Functional Test Automation using Protractor and Selenium Published on April 28, 2017 April 28, 2017 • 27 Likes • 0 Comments. if trying to resolve or reject it will have an impact on the promise. I need to work with all the elements of the array but when the Promise is resolved, the function ends and the others values can not be evaluated. Asynchronous actions performed inside of a Promise chain are just branches off of that Promise chain. com" is cascaded through a chain of ". he has only frond-end access. Protractor Setup. Consider this typical promise-driven. This function now returns a promise, to which you'd normally append a then function, which gets called after the promise successfully resolves. Then seeing the ElementFinder is also a promise, resolve that as well, resulting in the failure. egghead is a group of working web development professionals and open source contributors that provide you with concise, information dense video courses on the best tools in the industry. Protractor Tutorial - Protractor Commands. The elements, for example, can be found by CSS selector, by ID or by any other attribute. ( source : toolsqa. Protractor is an automation-testing tool for web applications testing which combines powerful technologies such as Jasmine, Selenium Web driver and Node. After playing around with Protractor for a while I wanted to create some integration tests where I would bootstrap the entire server/database before each test to get a consistent state to start from in each test. protractor testing with mocha and chai - promise not resolving Showing 1-2 of 2 messages. If the Promise that then is called on adopts a state (fulfillment or rejection) for which then has no handler, a new Promise is created with no additional handlers, simply adopting the final state of the original Promise on which then was called. e 5000 ms currently in cucumberJS , you would get such an exception. protractor protractor. wait return if the condition never becomes true? promise , protractor , wait I want to use the browser. then() allows awaiting for promise resolve without chaining. Protractor is an end-to-end test framework for AngularJS applications. Please write a function that calls back with true if all promises have resolved successfully, or false if at least one promise has rejected. Mochajs, or simply Mocha, is a feature rich JavaScript test framework running on Nodejs which provides the platform and the API for building standalone applications in the server side using the Google’s V8 Javascript engine at its base. com" is cascaded through. GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. Create and resolve promise;. However in Protractor, getText() method returns Object something like [objectObject] In Protractor, the getText() method returns a Promise. js 09:35:08 09:35:08 09:35:08 Failures: 09:35:08 1) General should show the name of the current user 09:35:08 Message: 09:35:08 Failed: No element found using locator: By(css selector,. This will help you to debug your tests, watch them closely or to speed up the test cases flow. The function containing the promise will then execute in the promise chain with one of 2 outcomes. It covers both basic and advanced Protractor Interview Questions. In order to perform Javascript testing with Selenium Webdriver and Mocha in a simple way, webdriver facilitates the usage with MochaJS by wrapping around MochaJS test functions (before, beforeEach, it, etc. All functions return promises. Protractor for AngularJS Basically method by. I will explain and compare only most verbose use case and leave the rest for curios readers. You'll explore Protractor frameworks in depth and learn to design one from scratch using Jasmine testing techniques. In other words, there is no need to explicitly resolve promises of click() actions as in your first option. Together with Promise, async & await will help flat out our code and make it simpler and more understandable. Not surprisingly it returns a promise which on successful, returns the message-id of the push notification message. Such modules can be integrated into promise chain easily. e 5000 ms currently in cucumberJS , you would get such an exception. datascience with python training in bangalore. @khepin I am working on fixing it using the feedback from @juliemr (but there is no protractor. Resolve context and sole argument is the collection onto which. We recently started using Protractor for end to end testing of an angular application. js instead of jasmine to run the E2E tests. In the pop up window, double click on the branch you want to merge. This is the exact information I am been searching for, Thanks for sharing the required infos with the clear update and required points. Luckily, Protractor is here to make our tester’s life much easier, it is built on top of WebDriverJS and has very good built-in supports for Angular pages and controls. End to end (e2e) testing is the process of executing a tests scenario against a real browser to test the entire stack of a multi-tier application. a promise is resolved if trying to resolve or reject it has no effect, i. filter(filterFn)", "description": "Apply a filter function to each element within the ElementArrayFinder. One of them in "stale element reference exception". race, both promises are resolved. I hope you've enjoyed this quick-and-easy tutorial on testing AngularJS applications. Especially in situations when you will start to implement more complex scenarious where one suites will rely on multiple other suites. then() that will be finished with comparing that things. race: takes multiple promises and resolves when the first promise is done. then, it calls that method providing built-in functions resolve, reject as arguments (just as it does for a regular Promise executor). Protractor runs tests against your application running in a real browser, interacting with it as a user would. The Promise. resolve('promised value'). This chapter gives you an introduction to Protractor, where you will learn about the origin of this testing framework and why you have to choose this, working and limitations of this tool. Lots of samples on the web about promise chaining. In this test case though, we don't need to care about that, because Protractor will execute the expectation only after the previous line has successfully resolved. Then seeing the ElementFinder is also a promise, resolve that as well, resulting in the failure. done(function() { throw new Error('error'); }); But what do you do when you chain multiple thens ? There is a library called Bluebird which has a fix integrating your existing code by extending the ES6 Promises API. In this article, I will show you how to ditch Jasmine, and use Cucumber 🥒 as your testing framework. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. It is an end-to-end testing framework built specifically for AngularJS. first-button')). A custom promise can be created by using a node module called 'q. This course will show you how to design Protractor frameworks from scratch using Jasmine unit testing techniques; you'll master the Protractor API and automate any Angular/non-Angular apps. While your actual tests take actions and make assertions about how your application should respond, page objects encapsulate the details of how to perform those actions on a page. Run npm run ionic:serve -b , wait for the server to start and then run npm run e2e in two different terminal windows to run the integration tests. Control Flow is nothing but the order in which Protractor executes the commands and Promises; By default, the control flow of the test cases and promises within the test cases are resolved automatically by Protractor but was not effective as the control will move to the next line even when a promise is not resolved and will cause a test case. all so that an array of promises becomes a promise for an array. … - Selection from Learn Protractor (Angular Automation Tool) from Scratch [Video]. WebDriver's JavaScript API is entirely asynchronous and every command results in a promise. wait function to repeatedly check if a button element is present for a certain amount of time then use the relevant callback. In my earlier posts here and here, I discussed how to configure protractor for single capabilities and multi-capabilities. js I use the oriento module to access a OrientDB.